highlight of iran

Esfandiyar village

Esfandyar village, veiled in the scenic expanses near Tabas, Iran, entwines the resilient beauty of desert landscapes with a rich tapestry of possibly centuries-old traditions, offering a serene and enigmatic escape into a world where the echos of ancient tales reverberate amidst the timeless rhythm of nature and human harmony.


harmony between desert and the humans

Nestled amidst the sweeping panoramas of Iran’s enchanting landscapes, there lies a modest yet captivating destination: Esfandyar village, concealed near the historically and geologically rich region of Tabas. As one embarks on a journey through the variegated terrains that cradle this hidden gem, an enthralling tapestry of culture, history, and natural beauty gently unfurls before the eyes.

Esfandyar, a village possibly named in resonance with historical and mythical connotations, may not resonate globally but holds within its bounds, an enchanting world where tradition and nature entwine in an eternal dance. Iran, with its spectacular repertoire of diverse ecosystems and intricate architectural masterpieces, frequently harbours such unheralded locales where time seemingly stands still, inviting the visitor to immerse in a tranquility that’s often elusive in our bustling modernity.

How to get to ESFANDIYAR Village in south Khorasan by Air, Bus , car or train.

Unfortunately, getting to Esfandiyar Village in South Khorasan directly by airplane, bus, or train isn’t possible. This is because Esfandiyar is a small village in a remote area, lacking dedicated public transport connections to major cities like Tehran, Isfahan, or Mashhad.

However, you have several options to reach the village with a combination of transportation:

Option 1: Fly + Taxi/Car:

  • This is the fastest option but also the most expensive.
  • Fly to Birjand Airport (BIRD), the closest airport to Esfandiyar. Several airlines operate flights from Tehran, Isfahan, and Mashhad to Birjand, including Iran Air, Mahan Air, and Caspian Airlines. Check flight prices and schedules on websites like Skyscanner or Google Flights.
  • From Birjand, hire a taxi or rent a car to reach Esfandiyar Village. The drive is about 150 km and takes roughly 2-3 hours. Taxi fare can be negotiated and rental car prices depend on the type and availability.

Option 2: Bus + Taxi/Car:

  • This is a more budget-friendly option but takes longer than flying.
  • Take a bus from Tehran, Isfahan, or Mashhad to Birjand. Several bus companies operate routes to Birjand, including Seiro Safar, Seir Iran, and Yasna. Check their websites or contact them for schedule and ticket prices:
    • Seiro Safar: +98 21 66977000
    • Seir Iran: +98 21 33954444
    • Yasna: +98 21 88722150
  • From Birjand, follow the same steps as Option 1: hire a taxi or rent a car to reach Esfandiyar Village.

Option 3: Train + Taxi/Car:

  • This is the most affordable but slowest option.
  • Unfortunately, there are no direct trains from Tehran, Isfahan, or Mashhad to Birjand. However, you can take a train to Kerman and then connect to Birjand by bus or taxi.
  • From Kerman, you can find buses to Birjand with Seiro Safar (+98 34 33232323) or Seir Iran (+98 34 33223322) or take a taxi (approximate fare from Kerman to Birjand is 1,000,000-1,500,000 Rial).
  • From Birjand, follow the same steps as Option 1 or 2 to reach Esfandiyar Village.

Additional Tips:

  • Consider renting a car if you plan to explore other parts of South Khorasan or if you’re traveling with a group.
  • Arrange taxi bookings or car rentals in advance, especially during peak season.
  • Download offline maps like Google Maps to navigate the area without relying on internet access.
  • Be prepared for limited amenities and services in Esfandiyar Village.

Remember, these are just general suggestions. The best option for you will depend on your budget, time constraints, and travel preferences. Research available transportation options and contact relevant companies for specific details and prices before your trip.

I hope this information helps you plan your journey to Esfandiyar Village!

How to get around ESFANDIYAR Village in south Khorasan

Unfortunately, due to its small size and remote location, Esfandiyar Village in South Khorasan lacks dedicated public transportation like taxis, buses, or mini-buses. Public transport options within the village itself are very limited, if not entirely absent.

However, depending on your needs and travel itinerary within the village and surrounding areas, you can consider these alternatives:

1. Walking: If you plan to stay within the village itself, walking is the most feasible option. Distances are likely small enough to manage on foot, allowing you to experience the local atmosphere and scenery.

2. Shared Taxis: While dedicated taxi services might not be readily available, you might encounter shared taxis passing through the village occasionally. These informal taxis follow fixed routes and pick up passengers along the way. Look out for these vehicles and inquire with locals about their destinations and potential boarding points. Costs will likely be negotiated based on distance and shared with other passengers.

3. Hitchhiking: Hitchhiking, while not encouraged for safety reasons, is a common practice in remote areas like Esfandiyar. If you feel comfortable with this method, be vigilant and prioritize your safety over convenience. Only accept rides from trustworthy individuals or families, and clearly communicate your intended destination beforehand.

4. Renting a car: If you prioritize mobility and plan to explore further, consider renting a car from Birjand or another nearby town. This gives you the most flexibility and independence to venture deeper into the region. Several car rental agencies operate in Birjand and local Iranian companies. Contact them in advance to ensure vehicle availability and book your preferred car.

Here are some additional resources that might be helpful:

  • Maps: Download offline maps like Google Maps before your trip to navigate the area without relying on internet access.
  • Accommodation: Choose accommodation within the village or nearby towns like Birjand. Some guest houses or homestays might offer assistance with local transportation arrangements.
  • Local Guides: Consider hiring a local guide if you want to explore the surrounding areas and learn more about the region’s culture and history. They can also assist with transportation arrangements through their local connections.

Remember, Esfandiyar’s unique location requires flexibility and adaptability when it comes to getting around. Be prepared for limited public transport options and explore alternative methods like walking, shared taxis, or self-driven car rentals. Enjoy your exploration of this charming village and the surrounding beauty of South Khorasan!

What to eat and where to find good food in ESFANDIYAR Village in south Khorasan.

Esfandiyar’s Culinary Treasures: A Traditional Taste of South Khorasan

Esfandiyar Village, nestled within the arid landscapes of South Khorasan, may be small in size, but its culinary palette pulsates with vibrant flavors and heartwarming dishes. Here’s a glimpse into some local favorites you can’t miss:

1. Qoroot: This creamy, tangy cheese, made from sheep’s or goat’s milk, is a staple in Esfandiyar cuisine. Savored with flatbread, stews, or even used as a dip, Qoroot adds a distinct depth of flavor to every bite.

2. Digcheh: This slow-cooked rice pudding, infused with the warm aroma of cardamom and rosewater, is a delightful breakfast or dessert. Rice simmered in milk, butter, and sugar acquires a velvety texture, making it a comforting and nostalgic treat.

3. Ghormeh Sabzi: This fragrant stew, a national treasure of Iran, finds its unique expression in Esfandiyar. Fresh greens like parsley, cilantro, and spinach mingle with aromatic herbs, kidney beans, and tender lamb, creating a symphony of earthy flavors.

4. Khamneh: A savory flatbread baked in a traditional clay oven, Khamneh is the perfect accompaniment to local stews and dips. Slightly thicker than regular bread, its smoky aroma and crusty texture add a rustic charm to every meal.

5. Aush Reshteh: This noodle soup, featuring hand-cut flat noodles simmered in a flavorful broth, is a wintertime favorite. Chickpeas, vegetables, and herbs add depth and nourishment, making it a soul-warming comfort food.

Local Food Places:

1. Chaykhaneh Haji Akbar: Nestled in the heart of the village, this traditional teahouse offers an authentic experience. Savor Qoroot and Khamneh with a steaming cup of chai while soaking in the local atmosphere. (No exact address available, inquire with locals for directions)

2. Nanvayi Haj Khalil: For the freshest flatbread in town, head to Haj Khalil’s bakery. Witness the magic of bread baking in a clay oven and enjoy the crisp, warm Khamneh straight from the source. (No exact address available, inquire with locals for directions)

Coffee Shops:

Unfortunately, dedicated coffee shops are absent in Esfandiyar due to its small size. However, some local teahouses might offer brewed coffee alongside chai.

Ice Cream Shops:

Similar to coffee shops, dedicated ice cream shops are not available in Esfandiyar. However, you might find vendors selling traditional Iranian ice cream, known as Faloodeh, made with rosewater and noodles, in the village square or near grocery stores.

Hours of Operation:

Most local food establishments in Esfandiyar follow flexible hours, typically opening mid-morning and closing around dusk. It’s best to inquire with locals or visit during daylight hours for accurate timings.

Please note: Due to Esfandiyar’s remote location, information like exact addresses and phone numbers might not be readily available. However, by using the descriptions and inquiring with locals, you can easily find these culinary gems and embark on a delectable journey through Esfandiyar’s traditional flavors.

Remember, the beauty of exploring small villages lies in embracing the unexpected and being open to authentic experiences. Enjoy your culinary adventure in Esfandiyar!

Safe travel

Staying Safe in Esfandiyar Village: Essential Tips for a Worry-Free Trip

While Esfandiyar Village is generally considered safe and welcoming, here are some best practices to ensure a smooth and enjoyable experience:

Before you travel:

  • Inform local authorities: Notify the Iranian embassy or consulate in your home country about your travel plans, including your intended stay in Esfandiyar.
  • Research local customs and dress code: Be respectful of local traditions by dressing modestly. For women, cover your hair with a headscarf and wear loose-fitting clothing.
  • Learn basic Farsi phrases: Knowing a few simple greetings and essential phrases can help you communicate and navigate better.
  • Purchase travel insurance: Ensure you have comprehensive travel insurance that covers medical emergencies, trip cancellation, and lost luggage.

While in Esfandiyar:

  • Be vigilant: Remain aware of your surroundings, especially in crowded areas. Keep valuables close and avoid displaying expensive jewelry or electronics.
  • Respect local traditions: Avoid public displays of affection and refrain from alcohol consumption. Be mindful of photography etiquette, especially when taking pictures of locals.
  • Trust your instincts: If you feel uncomfortable in any situation, don’t hesitate to walk away or seek help.
  • Stay hydrated: The desert climate can be dehydrating. Carry plenty of water and wear loose, breathable clothing.
  • Sun protection: Apply sunscreen regularly and wear a hat to protect yourself from the strong sun.
  • Communicate with your accommodation: Inform your host or guesthouse about your plans and estimated return times, especially if venturing out into the surrounding areas.
  • Mobile phone coverage: Mobile phone coverage might be limited in Esfandiyar Village. Inform your loved ones about your itinerary and potential for limited connectivity.

Medical Emergencies:

While medical facilities in Esfandiyar might be limited, there is a rural health clinic in the village:

  • Esfandiyar Health Clinic: (No exact address available, inquire with locals for directions)

In case of emergencies, you can also reach out to the Birjand General Hospital:

  • Birjand General Hospital: Shahid Modarres Street, Birjand, South Khorasan, Iran. +98 57 3222 2222

Remember: Esfandiyar is a small village with limited police presence. If you encounter any concerns, reach out to your accommodation or local villagers for assistance. They can direct you to relevant authorities if needed.

By following these tips and remaining vigilant, you can ensure a safe and enriching experience in Esfandiyar. Enjoy exploring this vibrant village and the stunning landscapes of South Khorasan!

Important numbers in ESFANDIYAR Village in south Khorasan

Essential Contacts for Esfandiyar Village, South Khorasan:

Emergency Services:

  • Local Police: While there isn’t a dedicated police station in Esfandiyar, you can reach the Birjand Police Department for emergencies: +98 57 3221 1111
  • Birjand General Hospital: Shahid Modarres Street, Birjand, South Khorasan, Iran. +98 57 3222 2222 (nearest major hospital)
  • Fire Department: Dial 125 from any landline or mobile phone
  • National Emergency Number: Dial 112 from any landline or mobile phone (connects to relevant emergency services)

General Assistance:

  • Esfandiyar Health Clinic: (No exact address available, inquire with locals for directions)
  • Birjand Bus Station: Shahid Mostafa Chamran Street, Birjand, South Khorasan, Iran. +98 57 3226 1111 (nearest bus station)
  • Birjand Airport (BIRD): Shahid Sayad Shirazi Avenue, Birjand, South Khorasan, Iran. +98 57 3352 2222 (nearest airport)
  • Translation Services: Several online translation services are available, such as Google Translate or Microsoft Translator. You can also inquire with your accommodation or local businesses for recommendation of local translators.
  • Tour Guide and Local Travel Agency: Due to the small size of Esfandiyar, dedicated tour guides or travel agencies might not be readily available. However, you can explore the village independently or inquire with your accommodation for recommendations on local guides or tour operators who can arrange excursions to nearby areas.

Embassies and Consulates:

Since Esfandiyar is a small village, it doesn’t have its own embassies or consulates. However, foreign visitors can reach relevant embassies or consulates located in major Iranian cities:



While there might not be dedicated taxi stands in Esfandiyar, you can often hail taxis passing through the village or inquire with your accommodation for assistance in arranging taxi services.


Several airlines operate flights to the nearest airport, Birjand Airport (BIRD), including Iran Air, Mahan Air, and Caspian Airlines. Check their websites or flight comparison platforms for flight schedules and booking options.


The Esfandiyar Health Clinic is the primary healthcare facility within the village. For more specialized medical needs, the Birjand General Hospital is the nearest option.

Remember, Esfandiyar’s remote location requires flexibility and resourcefulness. While dedicated services might not always be readily available, locals are generally friendly and helpful. Don’t hesitate to ask for assistance if needed.

By having these essential contacts and information handy, you can navigate Esfandiyar with confidence and enjoy a safe and memorable trip.

Additional Tips:

  • Download offline maps like Google Maps for easy navigation even without internet access.
  • Learn some basic Farsi phrases to communicate better with locals.
  • Carry cash in local currency (Rial) as credit card acceptance might be limited.
  • Dress modestly and respect local customs to ensure a smooth experience.


Money, Banks and Exchange

Banking and Money Exchange in Esfandiyar and Iran: A Tourist’s Guide

Finding Banks and Money Exchange:

Unfortunately, due to its small size and remote location, Esfandiyar Village itself lacks dedicated banks or money exchange offices. However, you can find these facilities in the nearest town, Birjand:

  • Banks: Several Iranian banks operate branches in Birjand, including Bank Melli Iran, Bank Sepah, and Bank Tejarat. You can find their locations and contact information online or through banking apps.
  • Money Exchange Offices: Look for authorized money exchange offices displaying clear licensing information. Some trusted options in Birjand include Aras Exchange, Pars Exchange, and Sharifzadeh Exchange.

Exchanging Money in Iran:

Here’s what you need to know:

  • Official Currency: The official currency is the Iranian Rial (IRR).
  • Carrying Cash: It’s recommended to carry enough cash in Rials for most transactions, as credit card acceptance might be limited, especially in smaller towns like Esfandiyar.
  • Exchange Rates: Exchange rates fluctuate, so compare rates at different offices before exchanging money. Check online resources like xe.com or TransferWise for real-time rate comparisons.
  • Documents Required: Bring your passport and proof of entry visa to exchange money at authorized offices.
  • Receipts: Keep your exchange receipts for potential future transactions or currency reconversion.

Bargaining Etiquette:

Bargaining is common practice in Iran, especially at bazaars and local markets. Be polite and friendly while negotiating, and avoid being pushy or aggressive. Start with a lower offer than the asking price and gradually increase until you reach a fair agreement.

Credit Cards and Payment Methods:

  • Limited Acceptance: Major credit cards like Visa, Mastercard, and American Express are generally not accepted in Iran due to international sanctions.
  • Alternatives: Consider carrying international traveler’s checks or prepaid travel cards issued by companies like Revolut or Wise. These can be loaded with different currencies and used for ATM withdrawals or direct payments at some merchants.
  • Local Debit Cards: If you plan to stay for a longer period, consider opening a local debit card with an Iranian bank. This can be beneficial for accessing ATMs and making domestic payments.

General Money Tips:

  • Tipping: Tipping is not customary in Iran, but if you receive exceptional service, a small gratuity is appreciated.
  • ATMs: While ATMs are present in major cities, their availability might be limited in smaller towns like Esfandiyar. Ensure you have sufficient cash backup.
  • Scams: Be wary of individuals offering unofficial money exchange services, as these might be scams. Stick to authorized offices with proper licensing.

Remember, planning and flexibility are key when managing finances during your trip to Iran. By following these tips and staying informed about current regulations, you can navigate the financial landscape smoothly and enjoy your experience.

Have a wonderful trip!

Social Norms and Etiquette in ESFANDIYAR Village in south Khorasan:

Social Norms and Etiquette in Esfandiyar Village: A Guide for Tourists

Esfandiyar Village, nestled in the heart of South Khorasan, prides itself on its warm hospitality and rich cultural heritage. Understanding and respecting local social norms will ensure a smooth and enriching experience for your visit. Here’s a guide to some key points:

Dress Code:

  • Modesty is key: Esfandiyar leans towards conservative attire. For women, covering your hair with a headscarf (scarf or shawl) and wearing loose-fitting clothing that covers your arms and legs (avoid revealing tops or short skirts) is essential. Men should opt for long pants and shirts that are not too revealing.

  • Religious Sites: When visiting mosques or shrines, dress even more modestly. Women should cover their heads fully and wear long, loose-fitting robes (chador). Men should remove their shoes before entering.

General Etiquette:

  • Greetings: A warm handshake and greeting like “Salam” (Hello) are customary when meeting someone new. Elders are greeted first, followed by others present.
  • Public Display of Affection (PDA): Avoid public displays of affection like hugging or kissing. This is considered inappropriate in Esfandiyar.
  • Personal Space: Maintain a respectful distance while interacting with others, especially the opposite sex.
  • Footwear: When entering someone’s home, remove your shoes. This is a sign of respect for their space.
  • Table Manners: Eat slowly and neatly. Avoid speaking with your mouth full or making loud noises while eating.
  • Gifts: If invited to someone’s home, it’s polite to bring a small gift like flowers or sweets.
  • Photography: Always ask permission before taking photos of people, especially women. Some religious sites may also have photography restrictions.

20 Helpful Farsi Sentences:

  1. Salam: Hello
  2. Khob shomalid? How are you?
  3. Mamnoon: Thank you
  4. Lطفاً: Please
  5. Beh khed: I’m sorry
  6. Man nemi-fahmam: I don’t understand
  7. Be kheyli mamnoonam: Thank you very much
  8. Shoma khoshgeleed: You’re beautiful (to a woman)
  9. Shoma kheyli mehbonid: You’re very kind
  10. Che kar mikonid? What do you do?
  11. Man ghoza be miram: I’m going home
  12. Khoda hafez: Goodbye
  13. Be omid-e didar: See you soon
  14. Ketabkhane kojast? Where is the library?
  15. Tovalet kojast? Where is the restroom?
  16. Chand hast? How much is it?
  17. Inja befarmayid: Come in (please)
  18. Che khabar az khanevade-shoma? How is your family?
  19. Man Iran ra doost daram: I love Iran
  20. Kheyli khoshghol bood: It was very nice

Bonus Tip: Learn a few basic Persian phrases related to your interests, like food, sightseeing, or shopping. This will show your respect for the culture and make locals more receptive to your interactions.

By following these guidelines and embracing the local customs, you’ll have a enriching and respectful experience in Esfandiyar. Remember, a little effort goes a long way in bridging cultural gaps and creating a positive impression.

Enjoy your trip to Esfandiyar!

Any questions? call us any time 24/7 at:  00989174257008 – Email: info@IranTravelingCenter.com

Why to visit Esfandyar village?

In the embrace of the arid yet astonishingly rich landscapes of the Tabas area, with its sprawling deserts and mesmerizing oases, Esfandyar village might cradle in its heart an oasis of lush palm trees, tamarisks, and other hardy vegetation that springs forth, defying the arid embrace of the encompassing desert. A stroll through the village might reveal time-honored mud-brick homes, their earthen tones merging seamlessly with the surrounding topography, providing a sense of unity between human habitation and the encompassing nature.

Iranian villages, especially those secluded within the expansive desert landscapes, often harbor a fascinating tapestry of historical tales and architectural marvels. The amiable locals, perhaps predominantly farmers and craftsmen, would likely embody the indomitable spirit of generations who have thrived amidst the challenging terrains, nurturing and being nurtured by the lands that have cradled their ancestors for millennia.

Visiting such a village is not merely a touristic endeavor but an experiential journey into a life sculpted by the undulating sands and resilient flora. One might find delight in simple yet profoundly flavorful local cuisines, meticulously crafted handicrafts, and perhaps unexpectedly vibrant bazaars that sporadically dot the village lanes. The melodic call to prayer might echo through the tranquil landscapes, bridging the tangible and intangible worlds in a harmonious continuum.

Esfandyar village, like many less-traveled destinations, would beckon to those souls seeking serenity and a gentle immersion into a world where life pulses in harmony with the rhythms of nature and tradition. Amidst the whispering palms and beneath the vast, star-studded desert night skies, one might rediscover a connection, not just with a location, but with a deeply rooted way of life that speaks of endurance, simplicity, and an intrinsic connection with the earth.

Explore Iran, take a daily walking tour or a join us on a multi day travel package with us.

The City Maps

A few places worth a visit.

desert life

Bafgh desert

The Bafgh Desert, sprawled across 750 square kilometers in Iran’s Yazd province, is a land of stark beauty and captivating mystique. Imagine vast swathes of golden dunes undulating under the scorching sun, their crests tinged with a rosy hue at dawn and dusk…
Bafgh desert Iran


Varzaneh Desert

Varzaneh Desert, cradled near the ancient city of Isfahan, Iran, paints a mesmerizing canvas of wind-sculpted dunes and shimmering salt flats. Towering sand dunes, golden under the desert sun, stretch for miles, inviting intrepid souls to climb their crests and savor panoramic vistas. In the distance, shimmering crystals of salt form dazzling plains, transformed into reflective mirrors by the occasional desert rain. Beneath the vast open sky, silence reigns, broken only by the whispering wind and the crunch of sand beneath your feet. It’s a world of stark beauty, where solitude and endless horizons offer a profound sense of peace and connection to nature’s raw power …
Varzaneh desert iran


The Lut Desert

The Lut Desert, also known as Dasht-e Lut, stretches across southeastern Iran like a parched canvas painted in fiery hues. This immense expanse, the 25th largest desert in the world, holds the title of Earth’s hottest spot, with temperatures soaring to a scorching 70.7°C (159.3°F) in 2005. But the Lut Desert is far more than just an inferno. It’s a mesmerizing world of stark beauty and geological wonders, sculpted by the relentless winds and scorching sun…
Lut desert iran


Maranjab Desert

Maranjab Desert, a jewel nestled in Iran’s Isfahan province, beckons with its golden tapestry of rolling sand dunes whispering secrets in the wind. Imagine colossal peaks of sand sculpted by eons of desert winds, stretching towards a boundless sky painted with vibrant hues at dawn and dusk. …
Maranjab desert Iran


Yazd water museum kolahdoozha home

Whether you’re fascinated by engineering marvels or simply intrigued by the human spirit’s ability to thrive in challenging conditions, the Yazd Water Museum and Kolahdoozha home offer a captivating glimpse into a world where water is not just a resource, but a revered element woven into the very fabric of life. …
Nasir al-Mulk Mosque, Shiraz

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spa & wellness

RELAXING WITH a massage or sauna

A relaxing massage would be a good way to end a day of travel.

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Hassan Abdolahi
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Pari Abdolahi
Information Desk
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